Hemlock Tree Pictures

Hemlock Tree Category

Hemlock Tree Pictures category you will find lots of pictures of hemlock trees.

You will find wonderful facts on hemlock trees, including information about the hemlock tree species, planting information, and much more.

This is valuable and useful information that can help you to learn more about and identify tghe the hemlock tree.

Western hemlock tree is a valued commercial species due to it's a softwood, long straight lengths, a fine grain and that it is a non-rensious tree.

Hemlock Tree Images

Full size each hemlock tree picture, just click on the Hemlock image you like to enlarge the photo. Enjoy these pictures of hemlock trees.

Hemlock Tree Pictures

Hemlock Tree Species, Different Types of Hemlock Trees

  • Carolina Hemlock Trees
  • Eastern Hemlock Trees, Tsuga canadensis
  • Forrest's Hemlock Trees
  • Himalayan Hemlock Trees
  • Mountain Hemlock Trees
  • Northern Japanese Hemlock Trees
  • Southern Japanese Hemlock Trees
  • Taiwan Hemlock Trees
  • Western Hemlock Trees, Tsuga heterophylla

Hemlock Trees, Facts on the Hemlock Tree Species

Hemlock Tree Leaf

Here is some general information on the hemlock tree.

Scientific Name for Hemlock: Tsuga.

Common Names for Hemlock: Spruce Pine, Hemlock Spruce, Tanbark, or Weeping Spruce.

Tsuga is a genus of conifers in the family Pinaceae. The common name hemlock is derived from a perceived similarity in the smell of its crushed foliage to that of the unrelated plant poison hemlock.

Unlike poison hemlock (conium), the species of Tsuga are not poisonous.

There are eight, nine, or ten species within the genus (depending on the authority), with four species occurring in North America and four to six in eastern Asia.
They are medium-sized to large evergreen trees, ranging from 10 to 60(-79) m tall, with a conical to irregular crown, with the latter occurring especially in some of the Asian species. The leading shoots generally droop. The bark is scaly and commonly deeply furrowed, with the colour ranging from grey to brown. The branches stem horizontally from the trunk and are usually arranged in flattened sprays that bend downward towards their tips. Short spur shoots, which are present in many gymnosperms, are weakly to moderately developed. The young twigs as well as the distal portions of stem are flexible and often pendent.

The stems are rough due to pulvini that persist after the leaves fall. The winter buds are ovoid or globose, usually rounded at the apex and not resinous. The leaves are flattened to slightly angular and range from 5 to 35 mm long and 1 to 3 mm broad. They are borne singly and are arranged spirally on the stem; the leaf bases are twisted so the leaves lie flat either side of the stem or more rarely radially. Towards the base the leaves narrow abruptly to a petiole set on a forward-angled, pulvinus. The petiole is twisted at the base so that it is almost parallel with the stem. The leaf apex is either notched, rounded, or acute. The undersides have two white stomatal bands (in T. mertensiana they are inconspicuous) separated by an elevated midvein. The upper surface of the leaves lack stomata, except in T. mertensiana. They have one resin canal that is present beneath the single vascular bundle.

The pollen cones grow solitary from lateral buds. They are 3 to 5(-10) mm long, ovoid, globose, or ellipsoid, and yellowish-white to pale purple, and borne on a short peduncle. The pollen itself has a saccate, ring-like structure at its distal pole, and rarely this structure can be more or less doubly saccate. The seed cones are borne on year-old twigs and are small ovoid-globose or oblong-cylindric, ranging from 15 to 40 mm long, except in T. mertensiana, where they are cylindrical and longer, 35 to 80 mm in length; they are solitary, terminal or rarely lateral, pendulous, and are sessile or on a short peduncle up to 4 mm long. Maturation occurs in 5 to 8 months, and the seeds are shed shortly thereafter; the cones are shed soon after seed release or up to a year or two later. The seed scales are thin, leathery and persistent. They vary in shape and lack an apophysis and an umbo. The bracts are included and small. The seeds are small, from 2 to 4 mm long, and winged, with the wing being 8 to 12 mm in length. They also contain small adaxial resin vesicles. Seed germination is epigeal; the seedlings have four to six cotyledons.

The species are all adapted to (and are confined to) relatively moist cool temperate areas with high rainfall, cool summers, and little or no water stress; they are also adapted to cope with heavy to very heavy winter snowfall and tolerate ice storms better than most other trees.

The two eastern North American species, T. canadensis and T. caroliniana are under serious threat by the sap-sucking insect Adelges tsugae (Hemlock Woolly Adelgid). This adelgid, related to the aphids, was introduced accidentally from eastern Asia, where it is only a minor pest. Extensive mortality has occurred, particularly east of the Appalachian Mountains. The Asian species are resistant to this pest, and the two western American hemlocks are moderately resistant. Tsuga species are also used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the Autumnal Moth and the Engrailed, and older caterpillars of the Gypsy Moth. Once these infest a tree, they can do more than simply kill one tree. Larger hemlocks that are infected have large relatively high root systems that can bring other trees down if one falls. The foliage of young trees is often browsed by deer, and the seeds are eaten by finches and small rodents.

Old trees are commonly attacked by various fungal disease and decay species, notably Heterobasidion annosum and Armillaria species, which rot the heartwood and eventually leave the tree liable to windthrow, and Rhizina undulata, which may kill groups of trees following minor grass fires that activate growth of the Rhizina spores.

The official state tree of Pennsylvania is the hemlock.

The crushed foliage of the hemlock tree has a similar smell to the herb "poison hemlock" although the Tsuga species are not poisonous.

Hemlock Wood

Hemlock wood becomes harder as the tree matures and is therefore a great cost alternative to the more expensive hardwoods. Hemlock is used for furniture, flooring and paneling. Hemlock is frequently used in the construction of log homes, a testament to the woods durability and strength.

Western Hemlock is the largest of all types of hemlock and is Canada's most valuable export of lumber.

Hemlock Bark Mulch

Mulch is a popular decorative landscape treatment for garden beds. Mulch suppresses weed growth, conserves water, minimizes soil erosion and is a natural insect repellent. Hemlock Mulch has a natural reddish color and is very aromatic. Hemlock mulch, like cedar and pine mulch, is slow to decompose and is, therefore, long lasting.

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Hemlock Tree References:

Hemlock Trees in the United States Hemlock Trees, US Forestry Service on Hemlock woolly adelgid (HWA) Adelges tsugae

Western Hemlock Trees pictures of Western Hemlock Tree and Facts on the Western Hemlock Tree

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